Pups are like babies. They are a bundle of joy and spread warmth in our homes. From waking up to their nudges to coming home to their excitement—they truly make life happier! However, they need more care and pampering than you could have imagined. Like our babies, they fall sick easily, hurt themselves often and need to be fed well.
While bringing home a pup is exciting, raising it can be challenging. Here are some things to keep in mind as pet parents.
A balanced diet promotes growth in pups. One should keep in mind factors such as age, sex and breed of the pup to ensure that it is fed correctly. The diet must include:
- Proteins: play a vital role in development of tissues.
- Carbohydrates: provide necessary energy in the body and take the form of sugars, starches and fiber.
- Fats: play multiple roles. They provide energy, transport fat soluble vitamins A, D, E and K, and aid in keeping the skin and hair healthy. Additionally, fat makes the food tastier!
- Vitamins and minerals: are responsible for structural development and promote various metabolic processes.
A pup is more susceptible to infection. In the event of an attack by a foreign body, the immune system responds with white blood cells which directly attack the invader or through antibodies that either attack the invader or initiate the white blood cells to attack. The stresses that your pet undergoes every day and also as it grows older can take a toll on its immune system. However, certain botanical and other nutrients can help boost immunity in the body.
A pup is blessed with passive immunity that is passed on from his mother, though, this only lasts for a certain period of time till it begins to develop its own immunity. If the pup is not nursed by its mother, there is a possibility of facing several health issues, especially immunodeficiency, i.e. susceptibility to different viral and bacterial infections.
Dealing with wounds
If your pup is hurt, ensure that the wounds are attended to immediately. There are primarily two types of wounds and treatment is done accordingly. Open wounds which cut through one or more layers of the skin, and closed wounds which do not penetrate the skin. Never let a wound be left unattended or untreated as it may lead to severe infections.
As a pet parent, knowing about the various diseases and symptoms can help you diagnose problems early.
- Ectoparasites: These are parasites such as fleas, ticks, mites and lice that live on the pup. These parasites cause itching, scratching, flea saliva hypersensitivity, anemia or the transmission of tapeworms.
- Digestive disorders: Pups can experience a number of digestive problems such as diarrhoea, vomiting, excess gas, lack of appetite that can lead to a noted change in behaviour. This could be a result of eating inappropriate food, allergy, parasites, bacteria, viral or fungi.
- Kennel cough: A type of cough which passes from one dog to another, the Kennel cough may be caused by a bacterial infection or virus. Your pup will suffer from dry cough which might lead to gagging at the end of the cough fit. Building a strong immune system and keeping your pup away from other sick dogs can help prevent the illness.
While nourishment and medication are important, remember your newest addition to the family needs all the tender, love and care it can get!